Go on the timeline by their birthday

TECHNOLOGY -

Member 1 - Ormios

John V. Atanasoff

October 4, 1903 - June 15, 1995

Born in Hamilton, New York

Lived in New Market, Maryland for most of his life

Credited with inventing the first electronic digital computer in the 1930s at Iowa State College

Pioneered the way for modern computers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Vincent_Atanasoff

Herman Hollerith

February 29, 1860 - November 17, 1929

Born in Buffalo, New York

Lived in New York for most of his life

Developed an electromechanical punched card tabulator that was one of the first inventions in data processing

His company became one of the 3 founding companies of IBM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herman_Hollerith

Lady Ada Lovelace

December 10, 1815 - November 27, 1852

Born in London, England

Lived in London for her whole life

Published the first algorithm to be carried out by a machine and was one of the first computer programmers

Revealed the full potential of a computing machine to the world

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_Lovelace

John Von Neumann

December 28, 1903 - February 8, 1957

Born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary

Created a design model for a stored-program digital computer using a processing unit and a single separate storage structure

Laid the foundation down for modern algorithms

Astrolabe

Astrolabe

Invented between 220 and 150 BC

Was the first analog calculator, and could measure the altitude of stars and other problems with spherical geometry

It was the predecessor of all modern calculators

It is unknown who invented it

Step Reckoner

Step Reckoner

Invented in 1694

Was the first calculator that could perform all four arithmetic operations

Was based off of Blaise Pascal’s ideas

Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz

Link to Leibniz’s page

Hollerith Machine

Hollerith Machine

Invented in 1890

Punched aligned holes in a punch card that the machine could process and count data

Predecessor of digital accounting machines

Herman Hollerith - link to his page

Baby

Manchester Baby

Released June 21, 1948

World’s first electronic stored-program computer

Designed to test the concept for the Williams tube

Built by Frederic C. Williams

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester_Baby

BINAC

BINAC

Invented in 1949

The first stored-program computer in the United States

Designed by the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation for Northrop Aircraft Services

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BINAC

Intel 4004

Intel 4004

Released in 1971

First commercially available microprocessor

Predecessor of all of Intel’s CPUs

Federico Faggin

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_4004

Transistor

Transistor

Patented in 1962

A semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power

Predecessor of all transistors to come

Julius Edgar Lilienfeld

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transistor#targetText=A%20transistor%20is%20a%20semiconductor,connection%20to%20an%20external%20circuit.

Xerox Star

Xerox Star

Released in 1981

First commercial system to use a fully integrated desktop

Is what all modern desktops have been designed off of

Developed by Xerox

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xerox_Star

Cray Supercomputer

Cray Supercomputer

Announced in 1975

Member 2- Neal

Charles Babbage

https://www.famousscientists.org/charles-babbage/

Grace Hopper

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Hopper

Alan Turing

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing

Niklaus Wirth

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing#University_and_work_on_computability

PASCAL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascal_(programming_language)

CP/M

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M

Davinci’s Calculator

https://www.educalc.net/197481.page

Abacus

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abacus

Difference Engine

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Difference_engine

Turing Machine

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_machine#Universal_Turing_machines

Harvard Mark I

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_Mark_I

ENIAC

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ENIAC

Microprocessor

https://www.computerhistory.org/siliconengine/microprocessor-integrates-cpu-function-onto-a-single-chip/

Member 3- Grant

Integrated Circuit

(picture here)

Invented in 1959

It was used to integrate electronic circuits into one device

It is still being used today

It was invented by Jack Kilby link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Kilby

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invention_of_the_integrated_circuit

        Original Apple Macintosh

(pic here)

Invented in 1985

It was the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface (GUI)

After the original macintosh the Macintosh 512k replaced it

The original macintosh was created by Steve Jobs link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Jobs

https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/Macintosh

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macintosh_128K

        COBOL

(picture here)

Invented in 1959

It was designed to be a portable programming language for data processing

It was later replaced by a similar language known as ISO

COBOL was created by Grace Hopper link:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Hopper

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COBOL

        Smalltalk

(pic here)

Was invented in 1972

Smalltalk was a programming language used for educational use specifically for constructionist learning

It was eventually replaced by smalltalk-80 version 2

Smalltalk was created by Alan Kay link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Kay

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smalltalk

        UNIX

(pic here)

UNIX was invented in 1971

UNIX was a platform for programmers developing software to be run on it

UNIX is still being used today

UNIX was invented by Ken Thompson link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ken_Thompson

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix

        George Boole

Born on November 2nd, 1815 and died on December 8th, 1864

He was born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England

The boolean was named after him which is used in many programming languages such as java. He is also known as the father of boolean algebra.

His legacy impacts modern coding languages today.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Boole

        Jack Kilby

(pic here)

Born on November 8th, 1923 and died on June 20th 2005

He was born in Jefferson City, Missouri

Jack Kilby invented the first integrated circuit

His invention set the precedent for integrated circuits to come

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Kilby

Blaise Pascal

(pic here)

Born on June 19th, 1623 and died on August 19th 1662

He was born in Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne, France

Blaise made the Pascal Calculator which made him the first inventors for the modern day mechanical calculator

His impact affected mathematics and computing for decades to come

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blaise_Pascal

        Bill Gates

(pic here)

Born on October 28th 1955 and is still alive today

He currently lives in Xanadu 2.0, Medina, Washington

He founded Microsoft which is the world's largest personal computer software company

Bill Gates forever impacted the home computer world and set an example for computer companies both now and the future

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Gates

        

        Napier’s Bones

(pic here)

Napier’s Bones was invented in 1617

Napier’s Bones was the first calculator that could find quotients(division), products(multiplication), and square roots

Napier’s Bones was later replaced by better calculating machines of that time

Napier’s Bones was created by John Napier link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Napier

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napier%27s_bones

        Analytical Engine

(pic here)

The engine was invented in 1871

The Analytical Engine was known to be the first digital computer ever made

Later the Bombe replaced the engine

The engine was invented by Charles Babbage

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytical_Engine

https://www.britannica.com/technology/Analytical-Engine

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytical_Engine

        ABC

(pic here)

The ABC was invented in 1937

The ABC was the first automatic electronic digital computer and was made to solve linear equations

 The ABC was later replaced by the ENIAC just before world war 2

The ABC was invented by John Vincent Atanasoff link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Vincent_Atanasoff

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atanasoff%E2%80%93Berry_computer

        Zuse Z3

(pic here)

The Zuse Z3 was invented in 1941

The Z3 was the first working programmable, automatic digital computer

The Z3 is still being used today in more modern formations for servers

The Z3 was invented by Konrad Zuse link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konrad_Zuse

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z3_(computer)

Member 4- Isaac

EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EDVAC

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EDVAC#/media/File:Edvac.jpg

Mainframe Computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mainframe_computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mainframe_computer#/media/File:IBM_704_mainframe.gif

Altair Computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altair_8800

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altair_8800#/media/File:Altair_8800_Computer.jpg

Original IBM PC

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Personal_Computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Personal_Computer#/media/File:Ibm_pc_5150.jpg

FORTRAN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortran#/media/File:Fortran_acs_cover.jpeg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortran

https://www.britannica.com/technology/FORTRAN

C (Programming Language)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C_(programming_language)#/media/File:The_C_Programming_Language_logo.svg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C_(programming_language)

Linux

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux#/media/File:Tux.svg

Pascal’s Arithmetic Machine

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascal's_calculator#/media/File:Pascaline-CnAM_823-1-IMG_1506-black.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascal's_calculator

J. Presper Eckert/John W Mauchly

https://lemelson.mit.edu/resources/john-mauchly-j-presper-eckert

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwiH1J3q4pnkAhURR6wKHVV6C_YQjRx6BAgBEAQ&url=https%3A%2F%2Fhistory-computer.com%2FPeople%2FMauchlyBio.html&psig=AOvVaw2yzBlVh_V41zntBJmKm0aZ&ust=1566676477345982 (John Mauchly Photo)

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwiZ1OyA45nkAhUCQawKHRzfCBMQjRx6BAgBEAQ&url=https%3A%2F%2Fhistory-computer.com%2FPeople%2FEckertBio.html&psig=AOvVaw2US0i6YrAmLAVCROHEyY6p&ust=1566676526384116 (Eckert Photo)

Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz#/media/File:Christoph_Bernhard_Francke_-_Bildnis_des_Philosophen_Leibniz_(ca._1695).jpg

Bjarne Stroustrup

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bjarne_Stroustrup

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bjarne_Stroustrup#/media/File:Bjarne-stroustrup_(cropped).jpg

Steve Jobs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Jobs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Jobs#/media/File:Steve_Jobs_Headshot_2010-CROP2.jpg

Slide Rule

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slide_rule

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slide_rule#/media/File:Sliderule.PickettN902T.agr.jpg

Member 5 - Ritesh

Jacquard's Loom

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacquard_loom

Colossus MK II

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_computer

EDSAC

UNIVAC (I)

Apple II

BASIC

C++

Mini Computer

NeXT

Go on the timeline by their birthday

TECHNOLOGY -

Member 1 - Ormios

John V. Atanasoff

October 4, 1903 - June 15, 1995

Born in Hamilton, New York

Lived in New Market, Maryland for most of his life

Credited with inventing the first electronic digital computer in the 1930s at Iowa State College

Pioneered the way for modern computers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Vincent_Atanasoff

Herman Hollerith

February 29, 1860 - November 17, 1929

Born in Buffalo, New York

Lived in New York for most of his life

Developed an electromechanical punched card tabulator that was one of the first inventions in data processing

His company became one of the 3 founding companies of IBM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herman_Hollerith

Lady Ada Lovelace

December 10, 1815 - November 27, 1852

Born in London, England

Lived in London for her whole life

Published the first algorithm to be carried out by a machine and was one of the first computer programmers

Revealed the full potential of a computing machine to the world

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_Lovelace

John Von Neumann

December 28, 1903 - February 8, 1957

Born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary

Created a design model for a stored-program digital computer using a processing unit and a single separate storage structure

Laid the foundation down for modern algorithms

Astrolabe

Astrolabe

Invented between 220 and 150 BC

Was the first analog calculator, and could measure the altitude of stars and other problems with spherical geometry

It was the predecessor of all modern calculators

It is unknown who invented it

Step Reckoner

Step Reckoner

Invented in 1694

Was the first calculator that could perform all four arithmetic operations

Was based off of Blaise Pascal’s ideas

Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz

Link to Leibniz’s page

Hollerith Machine

Hollerith Machine

Invented in 1890

Punched aligned holes in a punch card that the machine could process and count data

Predecessor of digital accounting machines

Herman Hollerith - link to his page

Baby

Manchester Baby

Released June 21, 1948

World’s first electronic stored-program computer

Designed to test the concept for the Williams tube

Built by Frederic C. Williams

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester_Baby

BINAC

BINAC

Invented in 1949

The first stored-program computer in the United States

Designed by the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation for Northrop Aircraft Services

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BINAC

Intel 4004

Intel 4004

Released in 1971

First commercially available microprocessor

Predecessor of all of Intel’s CPUs

Federico Faggin

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_4004

Transistor

Transistor

Patented in 1962

A semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power

Predecessor of all transistors to come

Julius Edgar Lilienfeld

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transistor#targetText=A%20transistor%20is%20a%20semiconductor,connection%20to%20an%20external%20circuit.

Xerox Star

Xerox Star

Released in 1981

First commercial system to use a fully integrated desktop

Is what all modern desktops have been designed off of

Developed by Xerox

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xerox_Star

Cray Supercomputer

Cray Supercomputer

Announced in 1975

Member 2- Neal

Charles Babbage

https://www.famousscientists.org/charles-babbage/

Grace Hopper

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Hopper

Alan Turing

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing

Niklaus Wirth

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing#University_and_work_on_computability

PASCAL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascal_(programming_language)

CP/M

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M

Davinci’s Calculator

https://www.educalc.net/197481.page

Abacus

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abacus

Difference Engine

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Difference_engine

Turing Machine

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_machine#Universal_Turing_machines

Harvard Mark I

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_Mark_I

ENIAC

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ENIAC

Microprocessor

https://www.computerhistory.org/siliconengine/microprocessor-integrates-cpu-function-onto-a-single-chip/

Member 3- Grant

Integrated Circuit

(picture here)

Invented in 1959

It was used to integrate electronic circuits into one device

It is still being used today

It was invented by Jack Kilby link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Kilby

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invention_of_the_integrated_circuit

        Original Apple Macintosh

(pic here)

Invented in 1985

It was the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface (GUI)

After the original macintosh the Macintosh 512k replaced it

The original macintosh was created by Steve Jobs link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Jobs

https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/Macintosh

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macintosh_128K

        COBOL

(picture here)

Invented in 1959

It was designed to be a portable programming language for data processing

It was later replaced by a similar language known as ISO

COBOL was created by Grace Hopper link:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Hopper

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COBOL

        Smalltalk

(pic here)

Was invented in 1972

Smalltalk was a programming language used for educational use specifically for constructionist learning

It was eventually replaced by smalltalk-80 version 2

Smalltalk was created by Alan Kay link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Kay

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smalltalk

        UNIX

(pic here)

UNIX was invented in 1971

UNIX was a platform for programmers developing software to be run on it

UNIX is still being used today

UNIX was invented by Ken Thompson link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ken_Thompson

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix

        George Boole

Born on November 2nd, 1815 and died on December 8th, 1864

He was born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England

The boolean was named after him which is used in many programming languages such as java. He is also known as the father of boolean algebra.

His legacy impacts modern coding languages today.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Boole

        Jack Kilby

(pic here)

Born on November 8th, 1923 and died on June 20th 2005

He was born in Jefferson City, Missouri

Jack Kilby invented the first integrated circuit

His invention set the precedent for integrated circuits to come

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Kilby

Blaise Pascal

(pic here)

Born on June 19th, 1623 and died on August 19th 1662

He was born in Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne, France

Blaise made the Pascal Calculator which made him the first inventors for the modern day mechanical calculator

His impact affected mathematics and computing for decades to come

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blaise_Pascal

        Bill Gates

(pic here)

Born on October 28th 1955 and is still alive today

He currently lives in Xanadu 2.0, Medina, Washington

He founded Microsoft which is the world's largest personal computer software company

Bill Gates forever impacted the home computer world and set an example for computer companies both now and the future

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Gates

        

        Napier’s Bones

(pic here)

Napier’s Bones was invented in 1617

Napier’s Bones was the first calculator that could find quotients(division), products(multiplication), and square roots

Napier’s Bones was later replaced by better calculating machines of that time

Napier’s Bones was created by John Napier link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Napier

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napier%27s_bones

        Analytical Engine

(pic here)

The engine was invented in 1871

The Analytical Engine was known to be the first digital computer ever made

Later the Bombe replaced the engine

The engine was invented by Charles Babbage

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytical_Engine

https://www.britannica.com/technology/Analytical-Engine

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytical_Engine

        ABC

(pic here)

The ABC was invented in 1937

The ABC was the first automatic electronic digital computer and was made to solve linear equations

 The ABC was later replaced by the ENIAC just before world war 2

The ABC was invented by John Vincent Atanasoff link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Vincent_Atanasoff

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atanasoff%E2%80%93Berry_computer

        Zuse Z3

(pic here)

The Zuse Z3 was invented in 1941

The Z3 was the first working programmable, automatic digital computer

The Z3 is still being used today in more modern formations for servers

The Z3 was invented by Konrad Zuse link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konrad_Zuse

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z3_(computer)

Member 4- Isaac

EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EDVAC

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EDVAC#/media/File:Edvac.jpg

Mainframe Computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mainframe_computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mainframe_computer#/media/File:IBM_704_mainframe.gif

Altair Computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altair_8800

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altair_8800#/media/File:Altair_8800_Computer.jpg

Original IBM PC

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Personal_Computer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Personal_Computer#/media/File:Ibm_pc_5150.jpg

FORTRAN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortran#/media/File:Fortran_acs_cover.jpeg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortran

https://www.britannica.com/technology/FORTRAN

C (Programming Language)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C_(programming_language)#/media/File:The_C_Programming_Language_logo.svg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C_(programming_language)

Linux

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux#/media/File:Tux.svg

Pascal’s Arithmetic Machine

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascal's_calculator#/media/File:Pascaline-CnAM_823-1-IMG_1506-black.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascal's_calculator

J. Presper Eckert/John W Mauchly

https://lemelson.mit.edu/resources/john-mauchly-j-presper-eckert

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwiH1J3q4pnkAhURR6wKHVV6C_YQjRx6BAgBEAQ&url=https%3A%2F%2Fhistory-computer.com%2FPeople%2FMauchlyBio.html&psig=AOvVaw2yzBlVh_V41zntBJmKm0aZ&ust=1566676477345982 (John Mauchly Photo)

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwiZ1OyA45nkAhUCQawKHRzfCBMQjRx6BAgBEAQ&url=https%3A%2F%2Fhistory-computer.com%2FPeople%2FEckertBio.html&psig=AOvVaw2US0i6YrAmLAVCROHEyY6p&ust=1566676526384116 (Eckert Photo)

Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz#/media/File:Christoph_Bernhard_Francke_-_Bildnis_des_Philosophen_Leibniz_(ca._1695).jpg

Bjarne Stroustrup

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bjarne_Stroustrup

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bjarne_Stroustrup#/media/File:Bjarne-stroustrup_(cropped).jpg

Steve Jobs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Jobs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Jobs#/media/File:Steve_Jobs_Headshot_2010-CROP2.jpg

Slide Rule

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slide_rule

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slide_rule#/media/File:Sliderule.PickettN902T.agr.jpg

Member 5 - Ritesh

Jacquard's Loom

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacquard_loom

Colossus MK II

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_computer

EDSAC

UNIVAC (I)

Apple II

BASIC

C++

Mini Computer

NeXT